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View Full Version : 51 Cấu Trúc So Sánh Trong Tiếng Anh



[Mr.P]
07-06-2014, 04:08 PM
1/ S + V + (not) enough + noun + (for sb) to do st = (không) đủ cái gì để (cho ai) làm gì. (He doesn’t have enough qualification to work here).
2/ S + V + (not) adj/adv + enough + (for sb) to do st = cái gì đó (không) đủ để (cho ai) làm gì. (He doesn’t study hard enough to pass the exam).
3/ S + V + too + adj/adv + (for sb) to do st = cái gì quá đến nổi làm sao để cho ai đấy làm gì. (He ran too fast for me to catch up with).
4/ Clause + so that + clause = để mà (He studied very hard so that he could pas the test).
5/ S + V + so + adj/adv + that S + V = cái gì đó quá làm sao đến nỗi mà …(The film was so boring that he fell asleep in the middle of it)
6/ It + V + such + [a(n)] adj noun + that S +V = cái gì đó quá làm sao đến nỗi mà ...
(It was such a boring film that he fell asleep in the middle of it)
7/ If + S + present simple + S +will/can/may + V simple :câu điều kiện loại 1 = điều kiện có thật ở tương lai ( If you lie in the sun too long, you will get sunburnt).
8/ If + S + past simple + S + would + V simple: Câu điều kiện loại 2 = miêu tả cái không có thực hoặc tưởng tượng ra (If I won the competition, I would spend it all).
9/ If + S + past perfect + S + would + have past participle:câu điều kiện loại 3 = miêu tả cái không xảy ra hoặc tưởng tượng xảy ra trong quá khứ (If I’d worked harder, I would have passed the exam)
10/ Unless + positive = If … not = trừ phi, nếu không (You will be late unless you start at one)
11/ S + used to + do = chỉ thói quen, hành động trong quá khứ ( He used to smoke, but he gave up five months ago) - used ở đây như một động từ quá khứ.
12/ S + be + used/accustomed to + doing = quen với việc …( I am used to eating at 7:00 PM)
13/ S + get + used to + doing = trở nên quen với việc …( We got used to American
food).
14/ would rather do…….than ..….= thích cái gì (làm gì ) hơn cái gì (làm gì)( We would rather die in freedom than lie in slavery)
15/ prefer doing/ noun……..to ..…= thích cái gì (làm gì ) hơn cái gì (làm gì) ( I prefer drinking Coca to drinking Pepsi).
16/ would + like(care/hate/prefer) + to do = tạo lời mời hoặc ý muốn gì ( Would you like to dance with me)
17/ like + V_ing = diễn đạt sở thích (He like reading novel) like + to do = diễn đạt thói quen, sự lựa chọn,hoặc với nghĩa cho là đúng.
(When making tea, he usually likes to put sugar and a slice of lemon in first)
18/ Cấu trúc: S + should/had better/ought to/ be supposed to + do = ai đó nên làm gì.(He should study tonight, He had better study tonight, He is supposed to study tonight).
19/ Could, may, might + have + P2 = có lẽ đã (It may have rained last night, but I’m not sure)
20/ Should + have + P2 = lẽ ra phải, lẽ ra nên (Tom should have gone to office this morning).
22/ …because + S + V : (Tai was worried because it had started to rain.) …because of/ due to/ + Noun : (Tai was worried because of the rain).
23/ Although/ Even though/ though + Clause = mặc dù
(Jane will be admitted to the university although she has bad grades).
24/ Although/ Even though/ though + Clause = mặc dù
(Jane will be admitted to the university although she has bad grades.)
25/ to be made of = consist of = được làm bằng – đề cập đến chất liệu làm vật ( This table is made of wood)
26/ to be made from = được làm từ – đề cập đến nguyên vật liệu bị biến đổi khỏi trạng thái ban đầu . ( Paper is made from wood)
27/ to be made out of = được làm bằng – đề cập đến quá trình làm ra vật .
( This cake was made out of flour, butter, sugar, eggs and milk)
28/ to have sb do sth = to get sb to do sth = sai ai, bảo ai làm gì
( I’ll have Vinh fix my car) ,( I’ll get Vinh to fix my car)
29/ to have sb do sth = to get sb to do sth = sai ai, bảo ai làm gì
( I’ll have Vinh fix my car) ,( I’ll get Vinh to fix my car)
30/ to have / to get sth done = làm gì bằng cách thuê người khác ( I have my car washed )
31/ to make sb do sth = to force sb to do sth = Bắt buộc ai làm gì
( The bank robbers make the manager give them all the money )
32/ to make sb P2 = làm cho ai bị làm sao
( Working all night on Friday made me tired on Saturday ).
33/ to cause sth P2 = làm cho cái gì bị làm sao
( The big thunder storm caused waterfront houses damaged ).
34/ to let sb do sth = to permit/allow sb to do sth = để cho ai , cho phép ai làm gì ( I let me go ) .
35/ S + V + as + { adj/adv} + as + {noun/pronoun} = so sánh ngang bằng ( Her book is as interesting as your) , ( M.Hang sings as well as I “ không phải là me”)
36/ S + short {adj/ adv}_ er + than + {noun/pronoun} = so sánh hơn 1
( My grades are higher than Vinh’s).
37/ S + short {adj/ adv}_ er + than + {noun/pronoun} = so sánh hơn 1 ( My grades are higher than Vinh’s).
38/ S + more + long {adj/ adv} + than + {noun/pronoun} = so sánh hơn 2 ( He speaks English more fluently than I ).
39/ S + less + {adj/ adv} + than + {noun/pronoun} = so sánh kém
( He visits his family less frequently than she does ).
40/ S + V + the + short {adj/ adv}_ est + in + singular count noun/ of +plural count noun} = so sánh bậc nhất 1 ( Tom is the tallest in the family).
41/ S + V + the + most +long {adj/ adv} + in + singular count noun/ of+plural count noun} = so sánh bậc nhất 2 (This shoes is the most expensive of all )
42/ S + V + the + least + long {adj/ adv} + in + singular count noun/ of + plural count noun} = so sánh bậc nhất 3 (This shoes is the least expensive of all)
43/ S + V + number multiple + as + {much/many} + (noun) + as + {noun/ pronoun}= so sánh bội số “gấp 2,gấp 3...”(This pen costs twice as much as the other one)
44/ The + comparative + S + V + the + comparative + S + V = so sánh kép ( The more you study, the smatter you will become ).
45/ No sooner + auxiliary + S + V + than + S + V = vừa mới ….thì đã… ( No sooner had we started out for Obama than it started to rain ).
46/ S + need + to V/ V_ing ( to V khi S là vật thể sống ,V_ing khi S không là vật thể sống )
( The grass needs cutting) ; ( I need to learn English )
47/ …V1 + to + V2 : trong đó V1 là ( agree, expect, hope, learn, refuse, want, demand, forget, attempt, offer, seem, fail, desire, plan, prepare).
48/ …V1 + V2 _ing… trong đó V1 là (admit, avoid, delay, deny, resist, postpone, miss, finish, enjoy, suggest, mind, recall, risk, resume, quit, consider).
49/ S + wish + (that) + S + { could V/ would V/ were V_ing } + …= ước ở tương lai ( We wish that you could come to the party to night.)
50/ S + wish + (that) + S + { could V/ would V/ were V_ing } + …= ước ở tương lai ( We wish that you could come to the party to night )
51/ S + wish + (that) + S + { past perfect/could have P2 }….= ước ở quá khứ ( I wish that I had washed the clothes yesterday ).

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